Global politics, sometimes referred to as global diplomacy, refers to the study of international politics and the political patterns observed in the world’s major political arenas. At its core, the field is comprised of the many different processes of international political globalization within relation to the issues of global governance and social justice.
Political globalization has been a common term in international politics since the early 20th century. It originated with Joseph Schumpeter who distinguished political globalization from national socialism in his book The Great Transformation, which served as the foundation for his later writings on globalization. According to Schumpeter, national socialism is the system which is designed by a political elite and is used to control the people of a nation. On the other hand, political globalization is the process whereby a country can become economically and politically unified so as to establish a level playing field with the rest of the world, which is necessary in order to facilitate the development of all economic sectors.
In a nutshell, political globalization, which is the integration of a nation into the larger international economic system through the integration of its political institutions and practices and its adherence to the norms of global governance, is a crucial component for the maintenance of a thriving democracy. Thus, political globalization allows for a stronger voice for the common people in the international arena in the form of a political system that represents their interests and is responsive to their requirements.
Political globalization thus encompasses a variety of aspects of international political life: from the political decision making process to the economic and social aspects of human society. It is an interconnected set of practices and institutions and is thus not isolated from the international political economy.
In a broader sense, political globalization is closely connected to the world political arena as the study of it has its own set of principles, procedures, and practices. There are many political theories that describe the political landscape of globalization, although there is no single political theory that represents the whole spectrum of the subject.
As a rule, political globalization has affected the world political scene through the gradual increase of economic, political, and technological interdependence and global connectivity. The rapid growth of the Internet, the World Wide Web, and electronic media have allowed international political and business actors to come closer and more easily connect and cooperate over their respective domains of influence, which makes globalization a very important part of our lives today’s global world. The emergence of such large-scale international organizations such as the United Nations and the World Trade Organization, for example, have helped to reinforce political globalization and have helped bring it closer to the center of attention of global politics.